Common Names in English:
, rarely suffruticose
. Leaves alternate, opposite, or whorled
, often all basal, simple
, entire to lobed
. Flowers solitary or in panicles, racemes
, or umbels, usually with bracts, perfect
, (4- or) 5(--9) -merous, often heterostylous (Primula) . Calyx persistent
. Corolla gamopetalous, actinomorphic
, rarely absent (Glaux) . Stamens as many as and opposite corolla lobes
, ± epipetalous
, occasionally with scalelike staminodes. Filaments
into a tube
. Ovary superior, rarely semi-inferior (Samolus), unilocular
; placentation free central; style simple; stigma inconspicuous, capitate. Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by valves
, rarely circumscissile or indehiscent. Seeds many or few; embryo small, straight, surrounded by endosperm.
The family contains 22 genera and ca. 1000 species, occurring mainly in temperate and mountainous regions of the northern hemisphere. Twelve genera and 517 species are widely distributed throughout China, but are represented mostly in the S and W regions. The centers of diversity for Primula, Androsace, and Omphalogramma are W Sichuan, E Xizang, and NW Yunnan. Lysimachia is also highly developed in provinces S of the Chang Jiang, while Pomatosace is an endemic genus confined to a small area of NW Sichuan and Qinghai.
Many species of Primula and Androsace are cultivated for their attractive flowers as pot plants , in rock gardens, or in garden borders . Some species of Lysimachia are used medicinally. Cyclamen persicum Miller is frequently cultivated as a pot plant.
, or biennial, acaulescent
, rarely caulescent
from a caudex
. Leaves forming a rosette, rarely alternate; rosettes solitary or clustered, forming lax
mats or compact
. Inflorescences umbellate
, rarely a solitary flower, with bracts. Flowers 5-merous, homostylous. Calyx campanulate
to subglobose, shallowly to deeply lobed
. Corolla white, pink, purple, or dark red, rarely yellow; tube
usually ± inflated
as long as to shorter than calyx; throat
entire or emarginate
. Stamens included
on corolla tube; filaments
very short; anthers
, apex obtuse
. Style not longer
than corolla tube. Capsule subglobose, dehiscing nearly to base
. Seeds few to many.
Approximately 100 species widely distributed in temperate regions of the northern hemisphere; 73 species native to China.
Flowers: Bloom Period: June, July, August. • Flower Color: White • Flower Conspicuous: Clusters of small, single form flowers highlighted with a red eyezone, and a light fragrance.
Growth Rate: Slow Growing • Size: Slow growth 2 to 4 inches tall, less than 1 foot wide.
Care: Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system . For a neat appearance , remove old foliage before new leaves emerge . Divide clumps every 2 to 3 years in early spring .
Culture: Space 12-15" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 4.6 • Maximum pH: 6.0
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun
Moisture: Water Requirements: Water regularly, when top 3 in. of soil is dry.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1996
- Order: Ericales () - Dumortier, 1829
- Superorder: Primulanae () - R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1996
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Publishing author : Wall. Publication : Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. ii. 15 (1824)
Members of the genus Androsace
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 46 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
A. alpina (Rock Jasmine) · A. brevis (Rock Jasmine) · A. carnea (Rock Jasmine) · A. chamaejasme (Rock Jasmine) · A. chamaejasmeersonii (Anderson's Rockjasmine) · A. chamaejasme andersonii (Anderson's Rockjasmine) · A. chamaejasme subsp. andersonii (Anderson's Rockjasmine) · A. chamaejasme subsp. carinata (Sweetflower Rockjasmine) · A. chamaejasme subsp. lehmanniana (Lehmann's Rockjasmine) · A. ciliata (Rock Jasmine) · A. cylindrica (Rock Jasmine) · A. delavayi (Rock Jasmine) · A. elongata (California Rock-Jasmine) · A. elongata acuta (Lehmann Sweet-Flowered Fairy-Candelabra) · A. elongata subsp. acuta (California Rockjasmine) · A. filiformis (Filiform Rockjasmine) · A. globifera (Rock Jasmine) · A. hausmannii (Rock Jasmine) · A. hedraeantha (Rock Jasmine) · A. hirtella (Rock Jasmine) · A. lanuginosa (Rock Jasmine) · A. maxima (Greater Rockjasmine) · A. muscoidea (Rock Jasmine) · A. occidentalis (Western Rock Jasmine) · A. pyrenaica (Rock Jasmine) · A. sarmentosa (Rock Jasmine) · A. sempervivoides (Rock Jasmine) · A. septentrionalis (Northern Rockjasmine) · A. septentrionalis glandulosa (Pygmyflower Rock Jasmine) · A. septentrionalis glandulosa var. glandulosa (Northern Rockjasmine) · A. septentrionalis puberulenta (Northern Rockjasmine) · A. septentrionalis robusta (Northern Rockjasmine) · A. septentrionalis septentrionalis (Northern Rockjasmine) · A. septentrionalis subulifera (Northern Rockjasmine) · A. septentrionalis subumbellata (Northern Rockjasmine) · A. septentrionalis subsp. glandulosa (Pygmyflower Rock Jasmine) · A. septentrionalis subsp. puberulenta (Pygmy-Flower Rock-Jasmine) · A. septentrionalis subsp. robusta (Pygmyflower Rockjasmine) · A. septentrionalis subsp. subulifera (Pygmyflower Rock Jasmine) · A. septentrionalis subsp. subumbellata (Pygmyflower Rockjasmine) · A. subulifera (Pygmyflower Rock Jasmine) · A. subumbellata (Pygmyflower Rockjasmine) · A. vandellii (Rock Jasmine) · A. villosa (Rock Jasmine) · A. wulfeniana (Rock Jasmine) · A. 'Millstream' (Rock Jasmine)
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- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 1781107
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 15796813
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:700336-1
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 700335-1
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 647740
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- "Androsace". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 80. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]