- The dark reddish brown wood of Bischofia javanica is heavy and very hard, with a fine structure, and is used for bridges , vehicles, and structural timbers. The bark is a source of a red dye, used to stain rattan baskets. The fruits are mostly used for making wines. The seeds yield 30%-54% oil . The roots are used as a medicine for rheumatalgia and malaria. [source]
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Common Names in English:
Bischofia, Bishopwood, Java Bishop-Wood, Java-Cedar, Javanese Bishopweed, Javanese Bishopwood, Javawood, Koka, Tongotongo, Toog, Toog Tree
Common Names in Hindi:
Common Names in Informal Latinized N:
Common Names in Thai:
Common Names in Vietnamese:
Species Bischofia javanica
Trees to 40 m tall, to 2.3 m d.b.h., evergreen ; stem straight, branching lower; bark gray-brown to brown, ca. 1 cm thick, with red latex; branchlets glabrous . Leaves palmately 3(-5) -foliolate; stipules membranous, lanceolate, ca. 8 mm, caducous ; petiole 8-20 cm; terminal petiolule 2-5 cm, lateral petiolules 5-20 mm; leaflet blades ovate , elliptic , obovate , or elliptic-ovate, 7-15 × 4-8 cm, papery , sparsely pubescent only on nerves , glabrescent , base broadly cuneate to obtuse , margins with 2 or 3 teeth per cm, apex acute or caudate-acuminate. Plants dioecious. Inflorescence axillary , paniculate ; male peduncle 8-13 cm, puberulent to glabrous, female peduncle 15-27 cm, pendent. Male flowers to 2.5 mm in diam.; sepals membranous, semiorbicular, adaxially concave , ladle-shaped, abaxially puberulent outside; filaments short; pistillode small, peltate, pubescent. Female flowers: sepals similar to male but oblong-ovate, margins membranous; ovary smooth , glabrous, 3- or 4-locular; styles 3 or 4, linear , entire. Fruits globose or subglobose, 6-13 mm in diam., brownish. Seeds oblong , ca. 5 mm. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Aug-Oct. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: March. • Flower Color: green
Size: over 40' tall.
Evergreen forests , open valley woodlands, widely planted on stream banks, cultivated in gardens and along avenues; below 800 m (Ref. 52322).
Typically found in water with a depth of 0 to -4,530 meters (0 to -14,862 feet).
Biome: Marine .
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Plants
Andrachne trifoliata Roxburgh • B. leptopoda Müller Argoviensis • B. oblongifolia Decaisne; B. Roeperiana Decaisne • B. toui Decaisne; B. trifoliata (Roxburgh) Hooker • Bischofia cumingiana Decaisne • Microelus roeperianus (Decaisne) Wight & Arnott • Stylodiscus trifoliatus (Roxburgh) Bennett.
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003
Members of the genus Bischofia
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 14, 2007:
- Australian National Herbarium
- , Australian National Herbarium
- Herbarium of the University of Aarhus, The AAU Herbarium Database
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, NSW herbarium collection
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, Plants of Papua New Guinea
- National Institute of Genetics, ROIS, Herbarium Specimens of Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo Pref., Japan
- Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility, Magnoliophyta
- Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility, Taiwan Biodiversity Data for GBIF
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2651897
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-22243
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 15479924
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:51914-3
- GRIN Nomen Number: 7243
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 28239
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 51914-3
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDEUP0A010
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: BIJA
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 24769