Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Afrikaans:
Common Names in English:
Clover Broomrape, Hellroot, Lesser Broomrape, Small Broomrape
Common Names in French:
Common Names in German:
Kleeteufel, Kleine Sommerwurz
Common Names in Portuguese:
Common Names in Spanish:
Rabo De Lobo
, biennial, or perennial
parasites, without chlorophyll. Stems unbranched or sometimes branched. Leaves scalelike, spirally or subimbricately arranged. Inflorescences racemose, spicate
, or subcapitate
, rarely 1-flowered; bract 1, usually similar to leaves; bractlets
of calyx or pedicel. Flowers bisexual
or pedicelled. Calyx tubular, cupular, or campanulate
, (3 or) 4-6-lobed, 2-6-parted, 6-toothed, or spathelike, sometimes absent or of 3 free
sepals. Corolla bilabiate, usually curved
, sometimes tubular-campanulate or funnelform
with 5 subequal
; upper lip entire, emarginate
, or 2-lobed; lower lip 3-lobed. Stamens 4, didynamous
at base of corolla tube
2-celled, dehiscing longitudinally, sometimes 1 cell
and another sterile
or reduced to spur. Pistil 2- or 3-carpellate; ovary superior; placentas 2-4 or 6(-10), parietal
or sometimes axile
at ovary base; ovules 2-4 or numerous
. Style long; stigma inflated
, peltate, or 2-4-lobed. Capsule usually dehiscing loculicidally by 2 or 3(or 4) valves
. Seeds minute, testa pitted
About 15 genera and 150 species: North Temperate regions , less represented in Africa, America, Asia, and Australia; nine genera and 42 species (nine endemic) in China.
, biennial, or perennial
, usually tomentose
, or glandular
, rarely glabrous
. Leaves spirally or imbricately arranged, ovate
, ovate-lanceolate, or lanceolate. Flowers many, in spicate
or racemose inflorescences, rarely solitary; bract 1, usually similar to leaves; bractlets
2 or absent. Pedicel short or absent. Calyx cupular or campanulate
, apex 4-lobed or nearly 4- or 5-parted, occasionally 5- or 6-toothed, sometimes 2-parted to base
entire or 2-toothed. Corolla bilabiate, curved
; upper lip entire, emarginate
, or 2-lobed; lower lip 3-lobed, shorter to longer
than upper lip. Stamens 4, didynamous
base pubescent or glandular pubescent. Ovary 1-locular; parietal
placentas 4; ovules numerous
. Style elongated, usually persistent
; stigma inflated
, peltate, or 2-4-lobed. Capsule ovoid-globose or ellipsoid
, dehiscing by 2 valves
. Seeds numerous, minute, ellipsoid or subglobose; testa reticulate
About 100 species: mostly in North Temperate regions , less represented in S Central America and E and N Africa; 25 species in China.
Flowers: Flower Color: cream, purple, tan
Size: 6-12" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,968 meters (0 to 6,457 feet).
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Light Shade.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Orobanche
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 44 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
O. aegyptiaca (Egyptian Broomrape) · O. bulbosa (Chaparral Broomrape) · O. californica (California Broomrape) · O. californica californica (California Broomrape) · O. californica feudgei (California Broomrape) · O. californica grayana (Gray's Broomrape) · O. californica jepsonii (California Broomrape) · O. californica subsp. condensa (California Broomrape) · O. californica subsp. feudgei (California Broomrape) · O. californica subsp. grandis (California Broomrape) · O. californica subsp. grayana (Gray's Broomrape) · O. californica subsp. jepsonii (Jepson's Broomrape) · O. cernrua (Nodding Broomrape) · O. cernua (Nodding Broomrape) · O. cooperi (Cooper's Broomrape) · O. cooperi cooperi (Cooper Broomrape) · O. cooperi latiloba (Cooper's Broomrape) · O. corymbosa (Flat-Top Broomrape) · O. corymbosa corymbosa (Flattop Broomrape) · O. corymbosa mutabilis (Flat-Top Broomrape) · O. corymbosa subsp. mutabilis (Flat-Top Broomrape) · O. crenata (Bean Broomrape) · O. cumana (Sunflower Broomrape) · O. dugesii (Duges' Broomrape) · O. elatior (Tall Broomrape) · O. fasciculata (Clustered Broom-Rape) · O. ludoviciana (Louisiana Broom-Rape) · O. ludoviciana ludoviciana (Louisiana Broomrape) · O. ludoviciana subsp. multiflora (Manyflowered Broomrape) · O. minor (Clover Broomrape) · O. multicaulis (Many-Stem Broomrape) · O. parishii (Parish's Broomrape) · O. parishii brachyloba (Parish's Broomrape) · O. parishii parishii (Parish's Broomrape) · O. parishii subsp. brachyloba (Parish's Broomrape) · O. pinorum (Conifer Broomrape) · O. ramosa (Branched Broomrape) · O. ramosa var. penicillata (Branched Broomrape) · O. riparia (River Broomrape) · O. uniflora (Broomrape) · O. valida (Rock Creek Broomrape) · O. valida valida (Rock Creek Broomrape) · O. valida subsp. howellii (Howell's Broomrape) · O. vallicola (Hillside Broomrape)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 28, 2007:
- Australian National Herbarium
- , Australian National Herbarium
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Bundesamt für Naturschutz / Zentralstelle für Phytodiversität Deutschland, Bundesamt fuer Naturschutz / Zentralstelle fuer Phytodiversitaet Deutschland
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien
- European Environment Agency, EUNIS
- GBIF-Spain, Dirección General de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación de la Junta de Extremadura(DGIDTI): HSS
- GBIF-Spain, Herbario Universidad de Málaga: MGC-Cormófitos
- GBIF-Spain, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- GBIF-Spain, Universidad de Almería, HUAL
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- NLBIF, Limnodata
- Oregon State University, Vascular Plant Collection
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Lund Botanical Museum
- Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Vienna, Institute for Botany - Herbarium WU, Herbarium WU
- University of Washington Burke Museum, Vascular Plant Collection - University of Washington Herbarium
- inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn, inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2656413
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-34292
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4462689
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:662537-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 401786
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 34292
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PDORO04080
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: ORMI
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 13852
- Zhi-Yun Zhang & Nikolai N. Tzvelev "Orobanchaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 18 Page 229. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Orobanche". in Flora of China Vol. 18 Page 231. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 174.750 meters (573.327 feet), Standard Deviation = 192.510 based on 7,840 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]